Cyril Aldred was among the first to graduate in the History of Art at the newly founded Courtauld Institute of Art, London, in 1936, and studied Egyptology as an art historian. From 1961 to 1974 he was Keeper of the Department of Art and Archaeology at the Royal Scottish Museum, Edinburgh, and he also served as Associate Curator fot e Department of Egyptian Art at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. He died in 1991. His many publications include Egypt to the End of the Old Kingdom (1965), Akhenaten and Nefertiti (1973), Jewels of the Pharaohs (2nd edn, 1978), Tutankhamen, Craftsmanship in Gold in the Reign of the King (1979), The Egyptians (rev. edn, 1987), and Akhenaten: King of Egypt (1988).