The Neanderthals Rediscovered How Modern Science Is Rewriting Their Story

Dimitra Papagianni, Michael A. Morse

“The first complete chronological narrative of the species from emergence to extinction. . . .[A] gem.” —Nature

Winner of the Society for American Archaeology Book Award, The Neanderthals Rediscovered is a fascinating study of the Neanderthals, informed by the latest scientific developments and discoveries, now available as an updated paperback.

The Neanderthals’ story has been transformed thanks to new discoveries and paradigm-shattering scientific innovations. We can now trace their evolution in Europe and spread across Asia, study their DNA, and piece together how they lived and died.

Far from the old stereotypes, Neanderthals’ behavior was surprisingly modern: they buried their dead, cared for their sick, hunted large animals, used red pigment, and spoke.

If Neanderthals were so advanced, why did they die out and Homo sapiens survive? By looking at the full Neanderthal story, we can better address the biggest mystery of all: what it means to be human.


[Written] with confidence and verve …strikes an excellent balance between broad popular appeal and satisfyingly rich content.

— Society for American Archaeology


Dimitra Papagianni


Dimitra Papagianni is a Paleolithic and stone tool specialist, who has taught at Cambridge and Oxford.

Michael A. Morse


Michael A. Morse is a historian of science with a specialty in the history of British archaeology, and the author of How the Celts Came to Britain.